You may or may not, but there are varieties of different stainless steel available on the market today. Each type of steel offers its very own upsides, but there have its very own downsides as well. Typically, all kinds of steel are divided into one of four groups. These groups are as follows:
- Austenitic Steel
Austenitic steel is the most common types of stainless steels in the market. Compared to other types of stainless steels, austenitic stainless steels contain an exorbitant amount of nickel content. Apart from nickel, they also contain high amounts of nitrogen, chromium and molybdenum.
Uses of Austenitic Stainless Steel
• They’re renowned for their extreme weldability and malleability.
• Commonly used for kitchen cutlery and storage components.
• They received a lot of credit for their strength capabilities.
• Due to the high corrosion resistance property, they are used for domestic, transport, industrial, and architectural products.
- Ferritic Steel
Ferritic stainless steels are the most widely used type of stainless steel after austenitic stainless steel. They contain an exorbitant amount of chromium, a negligible amount of carbon, and little or no amount of nickel. It has a body-centered cubic grain structure and cannot be hardened through heat treatment, but it can be cold worked and softened through annealing.
Uses of Ferritic Steel
• These types of steel are used for high-moisture applications like a hot water tank and exhaust systems
• They have the highest chromium level that makes them high resistance.
• Due to the high ductile properties, they are used in automotive applications, industrial and kitchenware equipment.
- Duplex Steel
Duplex steel is made from a combination of austenitic and ferritic steels. They are stronger than both austenitic and ferritic sheets of steel. Because of the less amount of nickel than austenitic steels, they are less expensive than the austenitic steels.
Uses of Duplex Steel
• They have approximately double the strength of regular austenitic or ferritic stainless steels.
• They have lower thermal expansion than austenitic steel and high heat conductivity.
• Compare to austenitic material, they have low nickel and molybdenum that make them cheaper than the other steel.
- Martensitic Steel
Martensitic steel is quite similar to ferritic stainless steels, but the only actual difference between them is the percentage of carbon. While carbon percentages in ferritic stainless steel remain below 0.10%, carbon percentages in martensitic stainless steel hover around 1%.
Uses of Martensitic Steel
• They have ductile properties that can be used to bend into the necessary shape.
• Due to the lightweight, they are very useful in automotive applications for door beams, bumpers.
• They are used in cross-car bars and beams that are designed to prevent intrusion into the passenger compartment.
Looking for Stainless Steel Products?
After all the verities of stainless steel, it’s hard to find the good quality of stainless steel. If you’re in search of excellent quality steel manufacturing products, then don’t go further. Contact saurabhsteel now!
For any products related query, contact saurabhsteel now to discuss your stainless steel needs!